Abstract: Genetic modification of livestock and crops is an extension of the age – long practice of cross–breeding and selection to develop new varieties of organisms. With traditional breeding methods, thousands of traits from two crops are combined. Using genetic engineering only the desired characteristics are added to a plant. The technique holds a lot for Nigeria. Some benefits that Nigeria stands to derive include, increased food production, improved nutritional and health benefits and improvement in fruit storage. Biotechnology allows for novel traits to be introduced into animals, crops and micro-organisms. These techniques can be used to improve livestock, poultry and fish production, as well as their resistance to diseases. The use of GM technologies thus comes as a solution to the numerous food security challenges faced in Nigeria, Africa and the world at large. The introduction of genetically modified food into Nigeria will solve the problem of food security as well as provide good health and well-being for consumers thereby, potentially ending world hunger. Extensive public awareness campaigns are required to address the concerns that consumers have about biotechnology and to highlight bio-safety measures and benefits of biotechnology to the society.