Abstract: Bureaucracy is the machinery of administration. It is the system of carrying on the business of government through Ministries, Department, and extra-ministerial bodies, by formal measure and routine procedures. Bureaucracy is not synonymous with government administration. As a concept, bureaucracy refers to the rational-co-ordination of large-scale public-and private organizations through the specialization of tasks, deployment of experts and a hierarchy authority.

CHAPTER ONE

1.1     Introduction

Bureaucracy is the machinery of administration. It is the system of carrying on the business of government through Ministries, Department, and extra-ministerial bodies, by formal measure and routine procedures.

Bureaucracy is not synonymous with government administration. As a concept, bureaucracy refers to the rational-Co-ordination of large-scale public-and private organizations through the specialization of tasks, deployment of experts and a hierarchy of authority.

Many scholars believe that there is no alternative to bureaucracy in the modern world, if large-scale organizations were to run efficiently and the activities of all their members were to be successfully co-ordinate. The more societies progressed, and the more complex became, the greater co-ordination and planning they needed to run smoothly. Hence the more they were forced to rely on bureaucracy.

Max Weber is the greatest authority on bureaucracy. He recognized the need for bureaucracy arising out of the division of labour in society, the constant sub-division of tasks and ever-greater specialization which separated  the roles individuals were called upon the perform. For Max Weber, bureaucracy was the organizational principle of modern life-not just one way of organizing modern society, but the only way. Whether the society was capitalist or socialist made no difference. Whether the organization or enterprise is economic, political, religious or military, it had to be organized bureaucracy.

1.2     Statement of the Problem

          it is important to note that the Red-tape, lack of imitative, bribery and corruption is a huge problem to the nature of bureaucracy and civil service in the Nigeria context. Bureaucracy and civil service was structured to be an administrative and profession class whose aim was expected to co-ordinate and control policy formation and advising the political heads of Ministries and Department but due to “Red-tape”, which has to do with delay in policy making. It has applied some sector who are dependent on this policy that is being made. Another problem that civil service faces is the idea of bribery and corruption. It is not easy to get something done in the Ministry without somebody asking for a favour. It has become the Nigerian syndrome; hence the civil service is bedeviled with bribery and corruption. Another problem that civil service faces is lack of initiative- civil servants depend largely on directive from their superior officers. They work within a routine and rarely take initiative.

1.3     Objectives of the Study

          The broad objective of this research is to analyze bureaucracy and the civil service reforms in Nigeria.

The specific objectives are;

  • The  influence of bureaucratic nature on civil service activity in Nigeria
  •  To determine the extent at which the civil service reform, if it has develop a positive or negative influence.
  • To determine whether there is significant difference between the civil service of the democracy and military rule.

1.4     Justification of the Study

          This research is out to provide a detailed analysis of the major significant of having civil service in the Nigerian system. And of raw materials for students, policy makers and practitioners who may want to know the extent at which bureaucracy and civil service reform have contribute to the development of Nigeria.

1.5     Research Question

          What relevance do bureaucracy and the civil service reform have on Nigerians?

1.6     Research Hypothesis

Ho:    Bureaucratic attitudinal nature does not influence the nature of the civil service control in it agenda.

Hi:     Bureaucratic attitudinal nature influences the nature of the civil service control in it agenda.          

  1. The services being rendered by the civil service servant does quantify the resources being pump into this sector.
  2. Do appropriate policy being earned but be the civil service.