KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICE OF INFANT FEEDING AMONG MOTHERS WITH INFANTS 0-12 MONTHS IN ITUK MBANG COMMUNITY

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted on “knowledge and practice of infant feeding among mothers with infants 0-12 months in Ituk Mbang community, Uruan, Akwa Ibom State”. The objective to be achieved from this study is to: Assess the knowledge of mothers on infant feeding practices in Ituk Mbang Community. Three research questions were generated from the research objectives, one of which is; which infant feeding practice is commonly used by mothers in Ituk Mbang? The significance of the study was to provide knowledge on infant feeding practices. The methodology is a non-experimental design, specifically descriptive survey design. A target population of all mothers living in Ituk Mbang Community were used and the accessible population drawn from the target population was 100 mothers. Data were collected using a twenty five (25) item structured questionnaire which was based on the research questions and a sample size of one hundred (100) respondents was drawn from the accessible population using a stratified and simple random sampling technique. The dependent variable was infant feeding while the independent variable was knowledge and practice. The theoretical frame work used for the study was Maslow’s hierarchy of Need theory. Data was analysed using tables, figures and percentages. From the result, it was discovered that 100(100%) of the respondents do not have knowledge on infant feeding practice, also 84(84%) agreed that income influence their infant feeding practice. Therefore based on the findings, it was concluded that mothers do not have knowledge on infant feeding practice and so they carryout poor infant feeding practice and income of the family, nature of work and insufficient breast milk affect infant feeding practice. They study therefore recommends that Nurses and midwives should educate mothers on infant feeding practices.