Ovarian Cancer


The majority of ovarian cancers arise from the epithelium (outerlining) of the ovary. The purpose of this study was to create awareness on the causes, symptoms and prevention of ovarian cancer in women, highlighting its types causes, diagnosis and possible treatment techniques. The research was carried out by the use of questionnaire and this was done using simple percentage. The study also reviews the diagnosis and detection of ovarian cancer. The study was conducted to help women who are in their reproductive age in early detection of ovarian cancer. Also to create awareness to women with family history of ovarian cancer.


1.1   Background of the Study    

Ovarian cancer is a cancer that begins in the ovaries. The ovaries are the female reproductive organs located in the pelvis, roughly the size of an almond-ovarian cancer starts cells grow old and die, new healthy cells grow to replace them. But in some cases, this process goes awry. New cells will begin to form unnecessarily and old cells will not die at the right time. The excess cell growth could cause a tumor, which will be benign or malignant. Malignant tumors are cancerous and could be life-threatening. In some cases, malignant tumors can be removed.

Ovarian cancer is the fifty most common cancer affecting women today. In fact ovarian cancer is responsible for more deaths than any other type of female reproductive cancer. Although recent years have seen many promising advances in cancer research there remain surprising gaps in the fundamental knowledge about and understanding of ovarian cancer. Researchers now know that ovarian cancer, like many other types of cancer, should not be thought of as a single diseases, instead, several distinct subtypes exist with different origins, different risk factors, different genetic mutations, different biological behaviours and much remains to be learned about them for example, researchers do not have definite knowledge of exactly where these various ovarian cancers originate and how they develop, such unanswered questions have impeded progress in the prevention, early detect treatment and management of ovarian cancers.


A comprehensive research effort has been focused on ovarian cancer during the past decade and this research focus has resulted in substantial improvements in accurate staging and effective treatment. On the basis of prospectively performed clinical trials in well-staged early ovarian cancer patients, a subset can be identified in whom no further therapy is necessary. Consequently, these patients can be spared the toxicities associated with long-term use of adjuvant chemotherapy. For patients with advanced disease, cisplatin-based combination chemotherapy regimens have produced higher complete response rates, prolongation of disease-free survival, and, in several large studies, a statistically significant prolongation of overall survival. In addition, recent clinical and laboratory data has confirmed the importance of dose and dose intensity in the optimum management of patients with ovarian cancer, and preliminary results of high-dose regimens are encouraging.

Worldwide, 80% of women have experienced ovarian cancer especially women who have a family history of ovarian cancer. The problem of this research is to assess women who are at a higher of ovarian cancer. (Gibson, et al., 2016)

The problem of this study is to assess the symptoms, preventive measures, diagnosis and treatment of ovarian cancer in University of Uyo Teaching Hospital.

1.3   Significance of Study

        The study was conducted in order to help women in the early detection, prevention and treatment of ovarian cancer. Also to help in the assessment of women with higher risk of ovarian cancer. To create awareness to women who have a family history of ovarian cancer and breast cancer. To make sure that women at higher risk of ovarian cancer gets specific management strategies for prevention and early detection of disease. Also to enlighten mothers who are at a higher risk of developing the disease.

        The ovarian cancer prevention and early detection study is expected to provide very valuable information to women who are at a higher risk of developing ovarian cancer.

1.4   Purpose of the Study

  1. To enlighten women on the need to go for ovarian health exams.
  2. To help reduce the incidence of ovarian cancer in women.
  3. To create awareness to women who have a family history of ovarian cancer.
  4. To help in the assessment of women who are at a higher risk of ovarian cancer.
  5. To diminish the pain and suffering experienced by those women who develop the illness.

1.5   Limitation of the Study

        The study was limited due to reluctance of women to provide factual information about their family history on ovarian cancer. Also the inability of women to provide specific information about their ovarian health.

        Also the inability of health workers to provide accurate and specific data in relation to the research study at the study location.